Swiss Re Insurance-Linked Fund Management

Original Risk: A Society for Change Agents

Covid-19 losses to take years to catch up to industry estimates: Willis Re


Currently, bottom-up Covid-19 pandemic loss announcements from insurance and reinsurance companies stand at only around $6 billion, some way short of the wide ranging $30 billion to $100 billion industry loss estimates and broker Willis Re warns it will likely take years to catch up which has ramifications for the ILS market.

Reinsurance broker Willis Re said it estimates the bottom-up Covid-19 losses are around $13 billion, if insurer and reinsurer projections of full-year losses are included in the tally.

That’s still a long way short of the industry loss estimates and as we explained recently, 40% of respondents to our latest market survey are expecting the total to rise above $100 billion once all losses are in.

Willis Re warns that current loss pronouncements, at $6 billion or $13 billion, are “a long way from top-down industry loss estimates of $30-100b, and we expect the bottom-up versus top-down gap to take a long time (likely years not months) to close.”

Willis Re pegs the average estimate as roughly $70 billion currently.


That has ramifications for the insurance-linked securities (ILS) market, as the great levels of uncertainty could be one of the drivers for an expected trapping of ILS collateral later this year.

While insurance and reinsurance companies currently have little clarity over their own potential ultimate losses from the Covid-19 pandemic, it is likely to motivate them even more to hold onto whatever reinsurance capital they can.

As a result, the Covid-19 pandemic has the potential to be the loss event with the longest tail for the ILS sector, where exposure is perceived as likely with sufficient grounds for trapping potentially exposed capital and ILS collateral.

As we’ve said before, this could see the private ILS quota share and reinsurance sidecar space as the most exposed, given some of those structures contain exposure to the types of policies where significant uncertainty over potential business interruption claims from the pandemic may lie.

Willis Re highlights that the announced and forecast losses so far are “only small fractions of the top-down insured loss estimates” published by commentators and industry bodies.

“We maintain the view that, whatever the ultimate insured loss, loss recognition, not to mention actual payments, will emerge only very slowly. We expect it will take years, not months, for the bottom-up versus top-down gap to close,” the reinsurance broker warns.

The slow pace of loss realisation associated with the coronavirus pandemic, as well as the threat of further losses as rates of cases rise in many regions of the world, while second waves are evident in some parts of even major economies like the U.S., all suggests the rate of loss booking will be particularly slow.

The uncertainty that creates could amplify the desire to hold back collateral and reinsurance coverage, perhaps prolonging the retention as well, all of which means exposed ILS positions could face trapping for particularly prolonged durations, which may be challenging for some of the most exposed managers and funds.

It’s important to remember though, that the most affected segments of ILS are likely to be those where coverage moves beyond pure property catastrophe risks, or where wordings are less robust and are ambiguous at best, or even absent from contracts.

For some though, the prospect of more collateral being trapped is going to make it challenges for ILS strategies to raise fresh capital.

While a lot of the collateral trapped later this year is likely to eventually be returned, we believe, the fact it’s held for a long duration may present operational challenges to some structures.

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