Swiss Re Insurance-Linked Fund Management

PCS - Emerging Risks, New Opportunities

Cat bond & ILW activity help drive PERILS-based transaction limit higher


An increase in use of PERILS industry loss triggers in industry-loss warranty (ILW) transactions focused on European windstorm risk, plus the buoyant catastrophe bond market, have helped to drive PERILS-based limits at risk up 11% to US $3.2 billion, as of the end of August.

PERILS AG, the Zurich-headquartered provide of catastrophe industry loss data and indices for use in reinsurance and insurance-linked securities (ILS) risk transfer transactions, has provided an update on the use of its data within risk transfer triggers.

Overall, PERILS data has been used in the placement of some US $20.2 billion of limit in reinsurance and retrocession transactions, largely capital markets backed, since 2010.

That represents 340 transactions, in catastrophe bond (ILS) and industry loss warranty (ILW) form.

The last eight months saw PERILS-based limits at-risk rising by 11%, from $2.9 billion at year-end 2020, to the $3.2 billion the figure stands at now.

PERILS said this is primarily due to “greater interest by protection buyers in multi-territory focused industry loss risk transfer, through insurance-linked securities (largely cat bonds) and ILW’s.

The $3.2 billion of limits at-risk features multi-territory limits that are only counted once, but PERILS breaks this down: as 3.16bn of limits that (up from USD2.9 bn) cover Europe; USD 850mn (down from USD1.2bn) cover Australia; USD 330mn (up from USD 155mn) cover New Zealand; USD 490mn (up from USD170mn) cover Turkey and Italy respectively; and USD 150mn (up from USD 0mn) covers Canada.


A particular driver of expansion for PERILS-based limits at-risk has been growth in European Windstorm limits at risk, which is primarily due to more ILW transactions and now represents 24% of total Europe limits at risk, up from 20%, PERILS explained.

New catastrophe bonds has also been a driver, with PERILS industry loss triggers featuring in a number of deals through this year so far.

The $3.2 billion of limits at-risk break down as, 78% catastrophe bonds or ILS deals, 22% ILW’s.

86% of these transactions use a structured industry loss trigger, largely weighted on factors related to geography or line of business covered, which is seen as a way to reduce basis risk.


Of course, it’s been a particularly busy year so far in the catastrophe bond market and ILW buying has also seen a steady flow of transactions, helped by ILS investor interest focusing in on these types of structured transactions, over other types of collateralised reinsurance through 2021 so far.

As ILS investors have searched out more predictable and transparent structures to invest in, the segment of the market where PERILS data is most readily used has seen increased activity, so it’s no surprise to see the growth figures presented today.

Luzi Hitz, CEO of PERILS, commented, “We have continued to expand our market coverage in recent years with the addition of New Zealand and Canada. This is the first time for Canada and New Zealand that PERILS data has been used in ILS transactions since we started covering these markets. It is particularly pleasing to observe growth in new multi-territory transactions where PERILS is being used for new as well as existing markets. This aligns with our strategy to facilitate industry-loss-based risk transactions across those regions exposed to major natural catastrophes by expanding territories and natural peril coverage over time.”

Darryl Pidcock, Head of Asia-Pacific at PERILS, also said, “It has been an active period for new issuances year-to-date for both the ILS and ILW markets, which has driven the overall increase in limits at risk. We have observed new multi-territory, multi-peril ILS issuances as protection buyers benefit from more favourable market conditions. Some protection buyers have accessed the ILS market rather than issuing ILWs as investor capital and pricing have improved. ILW markets also continue to be active with an increase in new issuances, while most expiring ILWs have renewed so far this year, particularly in Australia and Europe. There has also been a marked increase in the proportion of limits at risk using structured industry loss triggers, which demonstrates the value such triggers can bring in facilitating industry loss risk transfer.”

Artemis Live - ILS and reinsurance video interviews and podcastView all of our Artemis Live video interviews and subscribe to our podcast.

All of our Artemis Live insurance-linked securities (ILS), catastrophe bonds and reinsurance video content and video interviews can be accessed online.

Our Artemis Live podcast can be subscribed to using the typical podcast services providers, including Apple, Google, Spotify and more.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Artemis Newsletters and Email Alerts

Receive a regular weekly email newsletter update containing all the top news stories, deals and event information

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Receive alert notifications by email for every article from Artemis as it gets published.